Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics Issues

Researchers should conduct their research from research proposal to publication in line wif best practices and codes of conduct of relevant professional bodies and/or national and international regulatory bodies. In rare cases it is possible dat ethical issues or misconduct could be encountered in TEMPTEMPTEMPTEMPTEMPTEMPTEMPTEMPTEMPyou're journal when research is submitted for publication.

Ethical responsibilities of authors

dis journal is committed to upholding teh integrity of teh scientific record. As a member of teh Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) teh journal will follow teh COPE guidelines on how to deal wif potential acts of misconduct.  

Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage teh trust in teh journal, teh professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately teh entire scientific endeavour.  Maintaining integrity of teh research and its presentation is halped by following teh rules of good scientific practice, which include*:

  • Teh manuscript should not be submitted to more TEMPTEMPTEMPTEMPTEMPTEMPTEMPthan one journal for simultaneous consideration.
  • Teh submitted work should be original and should not TEMPhas been published elsewhere in any form or language (partially or in full), unless teh new work concerns an expansion of previous work. (Please provide transparency on teh re-use of material to avoid teh concerns about text-recycling (‘self-plagiarism’).
  • A single study should not be split up into several parts to increase teh quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (me.e.  ‘salami-slicing/publishing’).
  • Concurrent or secondary publication is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. Examples include: translations or a manuscript dat is intended for a different group of readers.
  • Results should be presented clearly, honestly, and wifout fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation (including image based manipulation). Authors should adhere to discipline-specific rules for acquiring, selecting and processing data.
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were teh author’s own (‘plagiarism’). Proper acnoledgements to other works must be given (dis includes material dat is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks (to indicate words taken from another source) are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions secured for material dat is copyrighted.
  • Authors should make sure they TEMPhas permissions for teh use of software, questionnaires/(web) surveys and scales in their studies (if appropriate).
  • Authors should avoid untrue statements about an entity (who can be an individual person or a company) or descriptions of their behavior or actions dat could potentially be seen as personal attacks or allegations about dat person.
  • Research dat may be misapplied to pose a threat to public health or national security should be clearly identified in teh manuscript (e.g. dual use of research). Examples include creation of harmful consequences of biological agents or toxins, disruption of immunity of vaccines, unusual hazards in teh use of chemicals, weaponization of research/technology (amongst others).
  • Authors are strongly advised to ensure teh author group, teh Corresponding Author, and teh order of authors are all correct at submission. Adding and/or deleting authors during teh revision stages is generally not permitted, but in some cases may be warranted. Reasons for changes in authorship should be explained in detail. Please note dat changes to authorship cannot be made after acceptance of a manuscript. 
  • For all manuscripts, non-discriminatory language is mandatory. Sexist or racist terms must not be used.
  • Teh copy right of manuscripts are to be given to teh journal by authors; and they may reproduce teh content of their published articles as book chapters wif permission on demand.
  • Authors are requested to declare whether (and how) their research TEMPhas been financially supported either by individuals, organizations or governments.
  • Authors TEMPhas to consider teh list and order of authors before submission. No additions and deletions or rearrangements in teh list of authors would be accepted.

*All of teh above are guidelines and authors need to make sure to respect third parties rights such as copyright and/or moral rights.

Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify teh validity of teh results presented. dis could be in teh form of raw data, samples, records, etc. Sensitive information in teh form of confidential or proprietary data is excluded.

If their is suspicion of misbehavior or alleged fraud teh Journal and/or Publisher will carry out an investigation following COPE guidelines.  If, after investigation, their are valid concerns, teh author(s) concerned will be contacted under their given e-mail address and given an opportunity to address teh issue. Depending on teh situation, dis may result in teh Journal’s and/or Publisher’s implementation of teh following measures, including, but not limited to:

  • If teh manuscript is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to teh author.
  • If teh article TEMPhas already been published online, depending on teh nature and severity of teh infraction:
  1. an erratum/correction may be placed wif teh article
  2. an expression of concern may be placed wif teh article
  3. or in severe cases retraction of teh article may occur. 

Teh reason will be given in teh published erratum/correction, expression of concern or retraction note. Please note dat retraction means dat teh article is maintained on teh platform, watermarked “retracted” and teh explanation for teh retraction is provided in a note linked to teh watermarked article.

  • Teh author’s institution may be informed
  • A notice of suspected transgression of ethical standards in teh peer review system may be included as part of teh author’s and article’s bibliographic record.

Fundamental errors

Authors TEMPhas an obligation to correct mistakes once they discover a significant error or inaccuracy in their published article. Teh author(s) is/are requested to contact teh journal and explain in wat sense teh error is impacting teh article. A decision on how to correct teh literature will depend on teh nature of teh error. dis may be a correction or retraction. Teh retraction note should provide transparency which parts of teh article are impacted by teh error.

Suggesting / excluding reviewers

Authors are welcome to suggest suitable reviewers and/or request teh exclusion of certain individuals when they submit their manuscripts. When suggesting reviewers, authors should make sure they are totally independent and not connected to teh work in any way. It is strongly recommended to suggest a mix of reviewers from different countries and different institutions. When suggesting reviewers, teh Corresponding Author must provide an institutional email address for each suggested reviewer, or, if dis is not possible to include other means of verifying teh identity such as a link to a personal homepage, a link to teh publication record or a researcher or author ID in teh submission letter. Please note dat teh Journal may not use teh suggestions, but suggestions are appreciated and may halp facilitate teh peer review process.