Pathology of the Elite's Role in Decision Making from a Public Policy Perspective

Document Type: Original Article

Abstract

If, according to Gaetano Mosca, the Italian social thinker, we define elites as individuals and groups, that, as a result of the power they gain, they plan idea and, as a result of that, make decisions that are effective in the community action; thus, at the macro and national levels, the elites and experts of each country are considered as the most important and valuable treasure of the country, and mentally and operationally are the ‌national wealth of each society; In fact indeed, the effective and positive presence of elites in the community increases the speed of reaching a rational and operational policy in the direction of development, and minimizes the time to achieve the goal to the lowest possible amount. But in this regard, the views are not the same; so that the new ideas of the elite are considered neither the owner of exclusive role and the absolute will in decision making and nor without authority are dependent to environmental conditions, rather they are considered to be a factor along with other effective factors influencing decision taking, decision making and policy making in both direct and indirect ways. Hence, as developing societies increasingly need to notice and make the right decisions, because the permanent and inclusive transformation from tradition to modern in these societies is more and make their future destiny based on their characteristics, decisions and their present status; therefore, the main question is plotted that how with the pathology of the elite's role from the public policy point of view, this ability is created to provide and realize corrective solutions? It seems that elite with any intellectual orientation have neither monopolistic role and nor they are dependent on the environmental conditions without authority. Rather with a focus on their specific field, they have the power, that provides effective solutions among other factors, to the compilation of the public policies of society (decision-taking, decision-making, policy-making, and operational phase) to be realized; accordingly, since the most important process in any general system of society, including governance, the political, social, economic system and so on is decision making, therefore, the decisions of the "elite individual self" have two-way communication to the logic of decision making and rationality and the choice to achieve the goals in society. However, the research attempts to identify, analyze, and deduce the relationships between the given data regarding the sensitivity and fluidity of the subject, to determine the effectiveness of the variables on each other to first of all, address the disadvantages and finally, make the suggestions.

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