Sociological Analysis of the Role of Symbols in Strengthening and Sustaining the Flow of Marxism in Iran during the Pahlavi Era

Document Type : Original Article

Abstract

The flow of Marxism was one of the most powerful social-political currents of the Pahlavi opposition which, despite the progress of political upheavals and internal splits, reached the threshold of the Islamic Revolution. One of the main reasons for the success of this flow, compared to other rival currents, was the presence of numerous symbols in the context of this adventure. The symbols of this paradigm are one of the most important means of communicating, linguistic, and writing the flow of Marxism, whose role is to evoke the actions of actors who are dependent on this trend. Symbolic concepts attributable to this work such as; Worker, Rose, Red Army, Hammer and Sickle, Revolution, Comrade, etc., like the symbolic, facilitate the communication between actors and the left-leaning process and create the mobility, motivation, and empathy of the protesters Against the Pahlavi monarchy system. During this process, the symbols also perform a special function. They are a factor in the strengthening and coherence of the left flow. The symbols create the adherence and attachment of individuals to the flow of mobility, consistency, and survival.

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