Iraqi Shiites and Their Interaction with the Occupying Forces after the fall of Saddam

Document Type : Original Article


The logical, scientific and realistic analysis of the new developments in Iraq, due to various indicators such as the power of Shiite currents, the existence of influential leaders and the presence of foreign invaders, inevitably leads us to consider only the foreign invaders' perspective, here in this article. In fact, understanding Iraq's developments after Saddam will be a significant part of the future of the land, as the occupation's role in the fall of Saddam Hussein is a facilitating factor of the new situation of Shiites in Iraq. After the invasion by coalition forces and declination of Saddam's regime, the necessary conditions for the participation of all groups in Iraq's new political structure was provided. Groups opposing the Baathist regime previously established in Britain, USA, and Iran and returned to Iraq in order to participate in Iraq's new political structure. The Shiites seeking greater influence on the process of future developments in Iraq and did not show any resistance against the occupation. This research aims to investigate the interactive policy of the Shiites of Iraq against the occupiers.




"Political status of Iraq's Shiite in political developments", (2001), Movement Monthly, Issue 20, March
"Roundtable on USA and the future of Iraq", (2003), Movement Journal of Studies - Research, Issue 15
"USA plan thwarted by the fatwa of Ayatollah Sistani", (2003), work and labour journal
"USA’s confusion in the wake of Shiites’ opposition in Iraq," (2003), the Islamic Republic
“Bush’s New Plan for Transfer of Power in Iraq” (2003), Diplomatic Special Issue of Hamshahri Newspaper, No. 2, November
Abrar International Institute of Studies, (2003), "the pathology of the Islamic Republic of Iran's performance towards Islamic opposition parties in Iraq, Tehran (1978-2003)
An interview with Ayatollah Seyed Mohammad Hakim, (2002), "Iraq under the shadow of war", Zamaneh, the sixth of November 2002, from:
Asadi, Ali Akbar, (2004), "Sunnis and Shiites in Iraqi: Convergence or Divergence", the magazine of the movement, Issue 20
Beheshtipour, Hassan, (2005), "Iran and Iraq after Saddam", Diplomatic News, No. 40, 24/11/83, January
Brenna Boldaji, Sirous, (2004), the letter of defence (5): state-building process in the new Iraq: requirements and approaches of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Defence Strategic Research Centre, and No. quarter of 2004
Challenges, Opportunities, Threats, (2004), Tehran Abrar International Institute of Studies, 30 August 2004. Retrieved from:
Farahani, Ahmad, (2003), formation of Governing Council in Iraq: fear and hope, did digital library, 4 August
Farahani, Ahmad, (2006), "The Shiites and Iraq's parliamentary election, the third step in the political process", did digital library, 23 January
Haji Yousefi, Amir Mohammad, (2004), "assessing Iran's foreign policy toward the occupation of Iraq", Iran and the Middle East; speeches on Iranian foreign policy, FarhangGofteman, Tehran
Haji Yousefi, Amir Mohammad, (2005), "the supremacy of interactive strategy", Diplomatic Special Issue of Hamshahri Newspaper, Issue seventy-ninth
Hakim, Seyed Mohsen, (2002), "the written political discourse of SCIRI", Hamshahri Newspaper
Hamidi, Javad, (2005), "Iran in Iraq: balancing the goals, caution for consequences", Diplomatic Special Issue of Hamshahri Newspaper
Hashemian, Hassan, (2003) "the authority of Shiite in Iraq and the challenges ahead ", Iran Newspapers
Imami, Muhammad Ali, (2005), "the impact of the Iraq war on the Arab political thought", Foreign Policy Journal, Vol. XVIII, No. 4, winter
Interview with Abbas Noorian, (2007), an expert on Iraq affairs, Tehran
Interview with KazemJalali, (2002), Iranian Students News Agency, foreign political service
Iraq on a path of moderation: (2006), "Another looking at the new political realities of Iraq", the Islamic Republic News Agency, Baghdad
Kazemi, Zahra Sadat, (2004), "USA's strategy in dealing with the Iraqi Shiites", the magazine of the movement, Issue 20
Keyhan newspaper (2004), Reflecting the formal transfer of power to the Iraqi government in political circles and the media, Keyhan newspaper, July
Mollazehi, Pirmohammad, (2005), "The complex game of power in Iraq", diplomatic Iran, 25 January
Naimi, (2006), "magnification of risk; a strategy to sustain USA's policy in Iraq", Diplomatic Special Issue of Hamshahri Newspaper, First Issue, April
Nakash, Yitzhak, (2003), "The Shiites and the future of Iraq", Did digital library, 1 July
Phillips, James, (2004), creating a stable Iraq after the transfer of sovereignty on June 30, Diplomatic Special Issue of Hamshahri Newspaper, 16 June
Poursaeid, Farzad, (2003), "the new Iraq and the threat of regional status of Islamic Republic", Journal of Strategic Studies, 22 September
Qasemi, Ali, (2002), "Saddam opposition groups meeting in Washington", highlights of developments in the world, 6 September