Comparative Study of the Concept of Justice in the Contemporary Political Philosophy of Islam and the West (With emphasis on Michael Sandel's votes)

Document Type : Original Article

Abstract

The idea of Communitarianism with epistemic teachings, such as politics as virtue, the priority of good faith, respect for the cultural diversity of societies, is one of the most prominent intellectual currents of the present age. The hypothesis of this research is that based on the comparative analytical attitude of key societal teachings and the epistemic principles of Islam, one can find common ground in order to achieve another understanding of the challenging issues, especially the category of justice. The purpose of this study is to develop such a discourse to understand another and to live human beings in the field of opinion and practice. This research is a descriptive-analytic method based on the hermeneutic Quinton Skinner (text authoring). Many Islamic thinkers, especially Muslim ones, with regard to the great efficiency in understanding and interpreting texts, consider hermeneutic method. Nasr Hamed Abu Zayd, Mohammad MojtahedShabestari, Fazl-Rahman, and Argon are among the Muslim thinkers who based on hermeneutical knowledge of topics such as history, interpretation and understanding of religious texts, the interpreter's mentality, religious experience, the unlimited sense of meaning, and the lack of a single reading in the texts. They ask.

Highlights

z

Keywords


A group of translators, (2007), socialists and liberalism, Qom, pajoheshgahOlomvaFarhangEslami Publication.
Abdollahi, Ali, (2012), Epicurean, Tehran, Mosque Publication
Abdurrahman, (2010), History of Western Political Philosophy, Tehran, DaftareSiyasivabeynolmelali.
Ahmadi, Babak, (1998), Modernity and Critical Thinking, Tehran, Markaz Publication.
Alem, Abdurrahman, (2010), History of Western Political Philosophy, Tehran, DaftareSiyasivabeynolmelale.
Alikhani, Ali Akbar et al. (2011), Political Thoughts of Muslim thinkers Tehran, PajuheshkadehMotale Tehran ate FarhangivaEjtemai Publication and Social Studies,
Alikhani, Ali Akbar, (2009), Investigating the political system of justice in Islam, Tehran, PajuheshkadehMotaleateFarhangivaEjtemai Publication
Aristotle, (1999), Nicomakhose Ethics, Mohammad Hassan Lotfi, Tehran, Tarhe no Publication
Aristotle, (2011), Politics, Hamid Enayat, Tehran, Amir Kabir Publication
Babaei, Parviz, (2007), Philosophical Schools from Ancient to Today, Tehran Negah publication
Bashiriyeh, Hussein, (2003), Reason in Politics, Tehran, NegaheMoaser Publication
Beheshti, SeyedAlireza, (2016), Theoretical Foundetions of Politics in Multicultural Societies, Tehran, Nahid   Publication,
Beheshti, Seyyed Mohammad Hussein,( 1981 ), Review and analysis of Jihad, Justice, Liberalism and Imamate, Tehran, MarasemBargozariHaftomTir Publication.
             
   
   
28        
Bloom, William, T, (1994) Theories of the Political System, Ahmad Tadaun, Tehran, Aran publication
 
 Crowe, Richard, (2015), Aristotle's Ethics, Maryam Khodadadi, Tehran, Ghoghnoos Publication
Durant, Will, (1993),  the history of civilization, Ahmad Aram .., Tehran ,Amir Kabir Publication
Enayat, Hamid, (2002), Foundation for Political Philosophy in the West, Tehran, Zemestan publication 
Faster, Michael, (1991), The Lord of Political Thought, Tehran, Amir Kabir Publication
Feirahi, Davood, (2015), AndishehEslah January, January, No. 4,
 Foolish Medina, Journal of Philosophy History,Year 5, No
Goldman, Lucien, (2006), Philosophy of Enlightenment, Shiva Kaviani, Tehran, Akhtaran Publication
Guy, Mary,(2012), Citizen in the History of Western Thought, Abbas Bagheri, Tehran, Fusan Publication
Habermas, J. C.Taylor, (2013), Multiculturalism, SaeedRezvani, Tehran, Rokhdad No Publication
Haghighat, Sadegh,Theorizing in Islam,WWW.fahimco.com:2017
Hajizadeh, Parviz, KalabasiAshtari Hussein, (2014), The Place of Justice in Plato's Utopia and Farabi's
J.L. Garcia,(2008), Modern Philosophy of Ethics and Macintyre Critique, RoohollahRamezani, Tehran, Tarjoman publication
Jones, etc, (1991), The People of Political Thought, Ali Ramin, Tehran Amir Kabir publication 
Khandozi, SeyyedEhsan, (2011), Reflections and Theories of Economic Justice in the Twentieth Century, MajlesVaRahbord Journal, No. 68
Legghozen, Mohammad,(2005), A critique of the ethics of originality, Mansour Nasiri, S Rahbord,     No. 35
Locke, John, (2008), a Treatise on the Rule, Hamid Azadanloo, Tehran, Ney Publication
Mohammad bin Ali al-Saduq, (1994), Ayoun al-Reza is, AliakbarGhafari , Tehran. Sadooq Publication
Mohammadi, Seyyed Ali, (1998), Freedom Theory in Political Philosophy of Hobbes and Locke, Tehran, PajoheshgaholomeEnsanivaMotaleateFarhangi Publication
Motahari, Morteza, (1995), Society and History, Vol. 5, Tehran, Sadra Publications
Motahari, Morteza, (2015), Man of Time needs, Vol. 1, Tehran, Sadra Publication
Nahj al-Balagheh
NejatiHosseini, Seyyed Mahmoud, (2009), Encyclopedia Danes name OlomEjtemai, Period 1, Number 1
 P00ladi, Kamal, (2013), to the head of Political Thought in the West from Socrates to Machiavelli, Tehran, Markaz Publishing
Price, Jones, (2012), Understanding the Philosophy of Thought in Ancient Times and Greek Period Mabbis, Reza Ali zadeh, Tehran, Rozaneh Publication.
Quran Karim
Rahman, fazlu, (1965), Islamic Methodology in History, Karachi: Central Institute for Islamic Research
 Rawls, John, (1993a), the Law of Peoples", Critical Inquiry, Vol. 20, No. 1.
Sahifeh Light, Vol. 6, Tehran, TanzimvaNashreAsare Imam Khomeini publication
Sahifeh-ye Imam, Vol 13, Tehran, TanzimvaNashreAsare Imam Khomeini publication
Sahifeh-ye Imam, Vol 21, Tehran, TanzimvaNashreAsare Imam Khomeini publication
Sandel, Michael, (2014), what cannot be bought with money, Hassan Afshar, Tehran, Markaz publication
Sandel, Michael, (2015), Liberalism and Its Limitations, Hassan Afshar, Tehran, Markaz publication
Sandel, Michael, a (2014), Justice - What is the right one? , Hassan Afshar, Tehran, Markaz publication
Sandel, Michel, (2004), The Case Against perfection, Harvard University press
Shariat, Farshad, (2010), Justice and Politics, Tehran, Imam Sadiq University publication
             
   
   
29        
Shariati Ali, (1983), Collection of Works 26, Tehran, Niloofar Publication
 
Tak, Richard, (1997), Hobbes, HosseinBashiri
yeh, Tehran, Tarhe no Publication
Taylor, Charles, (2007), a Secular Age, Cambridge Belnap Press of Harvard University
Taylor, Charles, (2014), The Excellency of Life in the Secular Age, FarhangRajaee, , Tehran, Agah publication
Townshend, Jules, (2011), New Interpretations on Modern Philosophers, KhashayarDeihimi, Tehran, Ney publication
Vaezi, Ahmad, (2009), Review the Theory of Justice, Qom, MoaseseAmouzeshivapajouhesheyi Imam Khomeini Publication
Walzer, Michael, (1990), Socialist critique of liberalism, Ali AbediRenani, Tehran, Tarjoman Publication
Walzer, Michael, (2010), Areas of Justice, SalehNajafi, Tehran, Sales Publication