Effecting of the Hidden Layers in Canadian Political Power (with Emphasis on Immigration Programs)

Document Type : Original Article


Canada’s immigration system is currently undergoing significant change driven by several goals that include: (1) a desire to improve the economic outcomes of entering immigrants, given the deterioration in labour market outcomes over the past several decades; (2) an attempt to better respond to short-term regional labour market shortages often associated with commodity booms, and (3) a desire to shift immigration away from the three largest cities to other regions of the country. These goals are reflected in the modification of the point system in 2002 and the implementation of a series of new immigrant programs. The paper discusses the recent changes to Canadian immigration policy and examines the preliminary results achieved by the new programs. Given this body of research, Canadian policy makers have put considerable effort into improving labour market outcomes. Key changes have been made in an attempt to improve labour market outcomes of new immigrants, including changes to the immigrant selection rules, the strengthening of language tests, the introduction of new programs as mentioned earlier, increasing the share of immigrants in the economic class, and beefing up immigrant settlement programs. Some of these programs are still in their infancy, but initial evaluation of these changes is under way. Overall, language skills appear to have a significant direct and indirect influence on labour market outcomes, and are key to positive outcomes. Above definitions shows that aim of absorbing immigrants limited in developing human abilities to improve the economic activities and the base of power is summarized in welfare layers .Thus, the soft skills has been designed by Canadian government in the people layers with high consideration. The below pointed items can be defined part of such skills that bring power through outstanding talents among society which help to improve democratic thinking better than before.


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