Justice among Peoples and Decency of Iranian People

Document Type: Original Article

Abstract

In his book The Law of Peoples, John Rawls described an international society in
which there are enemies and friends seeking their goals by deferent means.
Rawls introduced us principles as the fundamental rights of every people. The
people who reserve these rights can sustain in the world. Although this theory
is supposed to be part of liberal foreign policy, the peoples Rawls talks about
are not necessarily liberal. Decent hierarchical peoples also feature as
parties to the Law of Peoples. Beside liberal people, he categorized burdened
states, outlaw states and benevolent absolutisms that don’t recognize the law
of peoples. In this article I try to offer some attributes of Iranian people as
the decent people. The exclusion of those regimes and the inclusion of decent
hierarchical peoples are demanded by the notions of plurality and toleration
that require the presence of Iranian peoples in this circle. This point necessitates Iranian thinkers to take part in the theoretical attempts for complementing Rawls’ theory as an Ideal one.

Keywords


References

Alikhani, Ali Akbar, Political Analysis on Prophet Mohammad’s (PBUH) Wars, Political Sciences Research Magazine, No. 7, summer 2007

Beitz, Charles R., “Rawls’s Law of Peoples”, Ethics, No. 110, July 2000

Bukhanan, Allen, “Rawls’s Law of Peoples: Rules for a Vanished Westphalian World”, Ethics, No. 110, July 2000

Butler, Brian E., “There are Peoples and There are Peoples: A Critique of Rawls’s The Law of Peoples”, Florida philosophical Review, Vol. 1, Issue 2, 2001

Colin, Hay, a Critical Introduction to Political Analysis, Palgrave press, 2002.

Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Hans, G. Morgenthau, Politics among Nations, McGraw-Hill, 1993.

HosseiniBeheshti, SeyedAlireza, “Dialogue among Cultures and Political Theory”, International Journal of Humanity of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Vol. 12, No. 3 (2003)

             

   
   
21

   
   
HosseiniBeheshti, SeyedAlireza, The Expanse of Rawls’ Law of Peoples, Political Sciences Research Magazine, No. 7, summer 2007

 

Imam Khomeini, SahifehNour (Book of Light), Islamic Revolution Cultural Documents Organization; Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance, 1982

Immanuel Kant, Perpetual Peace and Other Essays, Translated by Ted Humphrey, Hackett publishing company, 1983.

John Jacques Rousseau, Social Contract, Pinguin Books, 1968.

MajidKhadduri, the Islamic Conception of Justice, The John Hopkins University Press, 1984.

Rational Traditions in Islam, Edited by FarhadDaftari, IB Tauris, 2000.

Rawls, John, a Theory of Justice, Harvard University Press, 1971.

Rawls, John, Political liberalism, Columbia University Press, 1993.

Rawls, John, the Law of Peoples, Harvard University Press, 1999.

Roger Sullivan, An Introduction to Kant’s Ethics, Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Sadurski, Wojciech, “The Last Thing He Wanted: Realism and Utopia in The law of peoples by John Rawls”, EUI Working Paper Law, No. 2003/16

Tapper, Richard, the New Iranian Cinema: Politics, Representation and Identity, Macmillan, 2002.

Tasioulas, John, “From Utopia to Kasanistan: John Rawls and the Laws of Peoples”, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 22, No. 2 (2002)

Thomas Pangle and Peter J. Ahrensdorf, Justice among Nations: On the Moral Basis Of Power And Peace, The University Press Of Kansas, 1999.

Walzer, Michel, Thick and Thin; Moral Argument at Home and Abroad, University of Notre Dame Press, 1994.