Critical Discourse Analysis of the Political Novel, “Unsecured Existence”

Document Type : Original Article


Political novel is one of the kinds of Persian Literature with special factors, which are different from other contemporary story writing styles.  These types of stories are more accommodated with critical discourse analysis (CDA) among other methods of novel analyses compared to other types, because of their specificity and unique quality of and their close relations with society and political events. One of the approaches used in surveying these types of stories is the use of the framework of text and met text with the best and the most effective approach, i.e. that of Norman Fairclough who surveys a text in three levels of description, interpretation, and exploration. It has to be mentioned that the novel of “Unsecured Existence” written by Afshin-e Khorram is one of the political novels written after the Islamic Revolution.  The writer tries to survey, interpret, and criticize the main and influential political events of Iran with emphasis on the psychological issues of the characters on the basis of CDA and to present the projected elements like semiotics of the elements like, Subject, Pictures and Descriptions of the characters of the story, the Narration procedure, Plot, and the Theme of the story.